Muzeum Archeologiczne w Biskupinie
Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej






Preliminary programme

of the Second International Symposium on Wood Tar and Pitch (organized by Archaeological Museum in Biskupin and Arbeitsgruppe Teerschwele im Museumsdorf Düppel, Berlin)

held in Archaeological Museum in Biskupin, Poland

11-12 October 2012




Thursday 11th of October



Opening ceremony:

9.00 - 9.30 - greeting speeches by marshal of kujawia-pomeranian region, chief of Żnin county and director of the Archaeological Museum in Biskupin


Lectures in Sessions



Prehistory and history


Chair - Dr. Dieter Neubauer-Saurer



9.50 - 10.10 - J. Langer; S. Pietrzak; I. Sobkowiak-Tabaka (Poland)

Application of wood-tar substances in pottery of the Linear Pottery Societies in the Vistula basin


10.10 - 10.30 - M. Rageot; K. Pêche-Quilichini; J.-.J. Fillippi; X. Fernandez; V.Py;  C. Delhon;

M. Regert (France)

Birch bark tar and Pine tar at Cuciurpula (Corsica, France) during the first Iron Age: between ancestral traditions and innovations?


10.30 - 10.50 - J. Svensson-Hennius (Sweden)

Early Wood tar production in eastern Sweden. Forest Exploitation in the first millennium.


10.50 - 11.10 - break, also time for posters and movies


11.10 - 11.30 - S. Burri (France)

Historical and archaeological study of resin tapping and wood tar production (pitch and juniper oil) during the XVIth century: the original case of the "boix a fere pegue" of Toulon hinterland (Provence, Southern France).


 11.30 - 11.50 - I. M. Egenberg (Norway)

Pine tar and pitch on boats dating from a.d. 1500 - 1600 recently excavated in Oslo harbour.


11.50 - 12.20 - S. Sogrina (Russia)

Tar extraction in the European North of Russia in the XIX - early XX centuries.


12.30 - 14.00 - lunch break



Archaeometry and Chemistry


Chair - Prof. Stefan Simon



14.00 - 14.20 - Z. Sulgostowska; J. Langer (Poland)

Tar pitch used as adhesive on the Mesolithic Tłokowo bone point in the light of physicochemical analysis.


14.20 - 14.40 -  M. Diakowski; B. Miazga (Poland)

Archeometric analysis of the bone projectile point from Bytomin 9, W Poland.


14.40 - 15.00 - break, also time for posters and movies



15.00 - 15.20 - M. Regert; M. Rageot; L. Drieu; S. Burri; F. Sacchetti; X. Fernandez; C. Delhon (France)

Chemistry, manufacture and uses of plant exudates and tars over time in Western Europe and the Mediterranean area: new trends and results.


15.20 - 15.40 - E. Gómez-Sánchez; S. Simon (Germany)

GC/MS analysis of tars and pitches.


15.40 - 16.00 - E. Ribechini; C. Duce; S. Orsini; A. Kurzweil; M. Tinè; M.P. Colombini (Italy, Germany)

Chemical investigation on wood and bark pitch replica: the discovering of new markers for archaeometric purposes.


16.00 - 16.40 - longer break, also time for posters and movies



16.40 - 17.00 - Y. Neubauer; M. Kleinhappl (Germany)

 Recent Gas sampling and analysis methods for the determination of condensable gas components in fuel gases [product gases] and synthesis gases from pyrolysis and gasification


17.00 - 17.20 - L. White (England)

A Sticky Business: Characterizing Non-Wooden Shipbuilding Materials Using Intensive Analytical Techniques.


17.20 - 17.50 - discussion


19.00 - get together event



Friday 12th of October


Interdisciplinary Themes and Experiments


Chair - Andreas Kurzweil and Wojciech Piotrowski



9.00 - 9.20 - P. Dmochowski (Poland)

The place of birch tar in prehistoric European archery.



9.20 - 9.40 -A. Magowska (Poland)

Wood tar as a remedy in Poland before 1939.


9.40 - 10.00 - W. Piotrowski (Poland)

The role of wood dry distillation products in Polish economy between XIIIth - XIXth centuries.


10.00 - 10.15 - break, also time for posters and movies



10.15 - 10.35 - T. Pietsch (Germany)

The work of the research group for Wood Tar and Pitch at the Museum Düppel in the last 20 years - advances and relapses.


10.35 - 10.55 -  S. Baril; M. Bui-Thi; S. Esclamanti; M. Girard; J.-F. Pétrucci (France)

Document and experimental Retrievals on ovens with pitch in France. The example of the oven pitch of the municipality of Merle-Leignecq, department of the Loire in service within the framework of a rural demonstration (appearance).


10.55 - 11.15 - A. Kurzweil; W. Piotrowski (Germany, Poland)

Comparison samples on demand: The tar and pitch sample collection „Pixothek" from the Museumsdorf Düppel and Biskupin Museum.


11.15 - 11.30 - break, also time for posters and movies


11.30 - 11.50 - H. Anzulewicz (Germany)

Lexikographisches zum Holzteer und Holzpech


11.50 - 12.10 - A. Kurzweil; W. Piotrowski  (Germany, Poland)

Bibliography of Wood Tar and Pitch - authors' proposals.


12.10 - 12.30 - time for eventual, additional oral presentation


12.30 - 14.00 - lunch break


14.00 - 18.00 - discussion, experiments and visiting the Biskupin reserve and its environs


18.00 - farewell event




List of Posters



Kamil Adamczak, Jerzy J. Langer, Paweł Gan, Katarzyna Tarnowska, Robert Żukowski (Poland)

Birch-bark tar on ceramic vessels of the Lengyel culture (the Brześć Kujawski group) from Nowy Drzewicz in Masovia region: physicochemical analysis



Maria P. Colombini, C. Duce, Andreas Kurzweil, S. Orsini, Erika Ribechini, M.R. Tinè (Italy, Germany)

Chemical investigation on wood and bark pitch replica: the discovering of new markers

for archaeometric purposes



Lucile Bailly, Armelle Charrié-Duhaut, Jacques Connan and Damien Sanders, Pierre Adam (France)

Molecular characterization of archaeological softwood tars from shipwrecks



Damir Doracic, Regine-Ricarda Pausewein, Elena Gomez-Sanchez, Hrvoje Potrebica (Croatia, Germany)

Birch Tar Glue on early Iron Age vessels from Kaptol-Gradci, Croatia



Katharina Goetz (Heel GmbH, Germany)

Homoeopathy of pine tar



Stéphane Esclamanti; Jean-Ferdinand Pétrucci; Sarah Barrel; Bui-Thi Maï; Michel Girard (France)

The example of the oven pitch common Leignecq department of the Loire in France



Jeannette J. Lucejko, Francesca Modugno, Erika Ribechini, J. Connan, Maria P. Colombini (Italy, France)

Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry in the characterization of wood tar and wood resinous extracts as ingredients of Egyptian embalming materials



Grzegorz Osipowicz, Magdalena Wałaszewska, Justyna Kuriga, Justyna Orłowska (Poland)

New experiments with a method of birch tar production, without the use of ceramics


Sławomir Pietrzak (Poland)

Early Medieval Birch Tar Production from sites complex: Marwice 6 and Marwice 12, Lubuskie Province in the light of archaeometrical study




Saturday 13th of October - departure time




The programme word


 Second International Symposium on Wood Tar and Pitch

                               First circular and call for papers


                                                                    Biskupin-Warszawa-Berlin, December 2011



Dear Colleagues,

 Archaeological Museum in Biskupin and State Archaeological Museum in Warsaw (Poland) and Arbeitsgruppe Teerschwele in Museumsdorf Düppel (Berlin, Germany) intend to organize the Second International Symposium on Wood Tar and Pitch, to be held in Archaeological Museum in Biskupin, Poland, in October 11-13 of 2012.

18 years have passed since the first wood tar & pitch symposium was organized also in Biskupin. A vast amount of new material on the subject has been gathered in the fields of archaeology, archaeometry and interdisciplinary sciences as well.

We shall be greatly obliged for your interest in the proposed event. We would also be very grateful if You decide to present a paper if possible. Therefore, we have allowed ourselves to include below a a provisional scheme of the symposium, to be devoted to all aspects of the subject of wood dry distillation:

- Early History and History

- Archaeometry (Analysis and Restoration)

- Methods: tar kiln, double-pot method, tar-pit, grease oven slabs, pitchstones, other non-ceramic methods, modern pyrolysis

- Interdisciplinary themes - application, medicine, ethnology and ethnography, education and popular-scientific activity, linguistics, trade and commerce and others

- Experimental archaeology

- Posters.


Symposium language - English

Deadline for lecture proposals - 29 June  2012


Lecturers are free of charge, other participants - 200zł or 50 Euro (students 100zł or 25 Euro) - and this covers conference fee, conference materials, lunches between the sessions and get together event.


With best greetings and hope for a fruitful cooperation



Wiesław Zajączkowski


Director of Archaeological Museum

in Biskupin



Dr. Wojciech Brzeziński                                                      Andreas Kurzweil

Director of the State Archaeological Museum             Arbeitsgruppe Teerschwele

in Warsaw                                                                    im Museumsdorf Düppel Berlin



 Please, do not hesitate to contact us:

Wojciech Piotrowski, Archaeological Museum in Biskupin,
Andreas Kurzweil, Arbeitsgruppe Teerschwele im Museumsdorf Düppel,





Mariusz Kazik
fot. Badania wykopaliskowe w latach 30-tych XX wieku
Muzeum Archeologiczne w Biskupinie, Biskupin 17, 88-410 Gąsawa, pow. Żniński, woj. kujawsko-pomorskie
tel.: (52) 30 25 025, fax: (52) 30 25 420, email:,
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